Overview Of Diabetes
- Diabetes is a health condition in which there is little or no insulin produced in the pancreas. The outcome is the inability to process carbohydrates, fats, and proteins efficiently.
- The majority of patients with diabetes cope with their illness well with nutrition and/or insulin.
- Occasionally sugar levels might drop and the patient requires immediate first aid. This illness is termed hypoglycemia. Reacting to a diabetic crisis is not complicated; however, diabetic traumas can be lethal if untreated. Luckily, most diabetics are well-informed about their illness and know when and how to act.
- If you are sure somebody is having a diabetic emergency, ask the individual if you can aid them. Ask if they are diabetic and if they are having a diabetic emergency. The majority of diabetics will advise you what they require. If they are incapable of talking to you, but conscious, check to see if they have a health alert tag. These tags can state if the individual is diabetic.
Symptoms And Signs
- Extreme exhaustion and loss of awareness;
- Severe dehydration;
- Stomach pain, queasiness or nausea;
- Unpredictable or confrontational;
- Rapid loss of consciousness if not treated quickly;
- Insistent headache;
- Pale or clammy skin; and
- Can appear as if they are intoxicated.
Type I diabetes
- Typically seen in kids/young adults.
- Insulin creation affected.
Type II diabetes
- Frequently seen in adults.
- Body is partly/ completely insulin resistant.
- Blood sugar levels increase
- Occurs in pregnant females.
What Can You Do?
- If the casualty is unconscious, place the casualty on their side and call the paramedics for assistance.
- If conscious, offer the casualty a bit of sugar.
- If the casualty is still completely conscious and can swallow, offer a sugared drink or glucose sweets – an improvement can be seen within a few minutes.
- When the casualty is more vigilant, give a more extensive carbohydrate meal such as a sandwich or some sweetened biscuits.
- It is known for these casualties to become unconscious. If so, support the casualty on their side and call the paramedics for some assistance. In this condition, DO NOT offer the casualty anything to eat or drink.
- Offer them comfort because the casualty might be muddled or confused until completely recovered.
- Get medical assistance.
- If the casualty has improved after having a carbohydrate meal, medical guidance is still essential because a further decline might take place at any time. The casualty should visit a doctor.
If the casualty does not recover after consuming the sweetened food, or if further decline happens and swallowing becomes problematic – call for the paramedics.