Treating Various Degree Of Burns
Overview Of Burns
A burn is a wound to the body’s tissue caused from heat, chemical substances, electrical energy or sunlight. A scald is a sort of burn caused by vapor or boiling liquid.
How severe a burn actually is depends on the amount of tissue affected and the intensity of the wound. Burns are usually classified as:
- 1st degree – Burns causing harm to the external layer of the skin, also known as the epidermis
- 2nd degree – Burns causing deeper injuries to the dermis, the layer underneath the epidermis; or
- 3rd degree – Burns that cause the deepest and most severe harm — damaging all layers of the skin and injury to tissues beneath the skin.
The Treatment Of Burns
If a burn is severe get urgent medical assistance for any of following:
- Redness affecting the face, hands, groin and arms.
- If blisters start to form or if there is very red blemished skin that covers a larger region or involving the main joints or the feet, face and hands.
- Blackened or dehydrated, white regions (these signify third-degree burns).
Carefully Approaching A Casualty With Severe Burns
First of all, make certain that you, others and the affected casualty are not in further danger. If the casualty’s clothing is on fire, they should be enfolded in a non-synthetic blanket or coat and rolled on the floor to suffocate the flames ( also known as STOP, DROP and ROLL)
For burns caused from an electrical source, turn off the power supply if possible and take the casualty away from the electrical source without coming into direct contact with them (use a non-conductive item such as a wooden broom).
First Aid For Slight Burns
Most burns are slight and can be handled at home or by your doctor
- If possible, get rid of jewellery and clothes surrounding the injury.
- If the burn is extremely tender, it is possibly superficial. You must act fast to decrease further harm to the skin. Cool the region under cold water until the skin goes back to its normal temperature
- Wrap the burn with fresh, disinfected, non-stick fabric.
- For burns in a single area, cold water compresses changed regularly can be helpful.
- Don’t use adhesive bandages, apply cream or lotions, rupture a blister or pat a burn.
- If the burn is large, see your practitioner or go to the hospital for medical assistance.