How to Manage Acute Sinusitis
When the sinuses become inflamed, the resulting condition is referred to as sinusitis. Although acute sinusitis is a minor ailment that resolves within short time duration, it is quite irritating. In some cases, infections can lead to severe symptoms and other complications as well. Seek immediate attention if the condition persists for more than a few weeks. The material posted on this page is for learning purposes only. Consult your local physician if you think you have a serious case of acute sinusitis or any other medical emergency.
What Are the Symptoms?
There are numerous symptoms but the main ones to watch for include:
- Sinus tenderness
- Blocked nose
- Runny nose
- Pain while chewing
- Bad breath
Children usually exhibit specific acute sinusitis symptoms when suffering from this condition. In this case, be on the lookout for signs such as:
- Nasal speech
- Feeding difficulty
- Ear discomfort
- Mouth breathing
What Are the Ways for Diagnosing the Ailment?
Doctors use various techniques to diagnose the ailment. They normally listen to the symptoms and check temperature as well. Since this condition causes tenderness on the sinuses, the doctor will conduct physical tests to establish this. When the diagnosis is unclear, the doctor may resort to more comprehensive testing that includes: CT scans, X-rays or blood test.
What Are the Acute Sinusitis Treatments?
Although antibiotics pop up as the most preferred treatment option, they’re not used in most cases. This is owing to the fact that the condition is often caused by a virus just as is the case with the common cold. Antibiotics are incapable of killing virus infections.
On the other hand, the victim’s immune system will alleviate the condition if bacteria caused the ailment. Apart from not working, antibiotics can also bring about unpleasant side effects. These include:
- Fungal infection
- Skin rashes
However, antibiotics can still be prescribed for treating acute sinusitis when the symptoms are chronic and/or severe. People suffering from other illnesses that weaken the immune system also require the use of antibiotics.
What Ways Are Used for Alleviating Symptoms?
Several techniques will come in handy in alleviating the symptoms. Try the following:
- Take painkillers like ibuprofen which are relatively effective in reducing pain. This type of medication also assists in lowering temperature thus minimizing the effects of fever. For people with a tolerance to painkillers, a stronger option like codeine is recommended.
- Use nasal sprays to de-congest a nose that has blocked. These medications are readily available without prescription over-the-counter. Refrain from using the sprays for a period of more than a week. Acute sinusitis may worsen from prolonged use.
- Stay hydrated by drinking lots of water and other fluids.
- On a conclusive note, always ensure that you keep warm when suffering from this condition. Avoid inhaling steam as this is bound to irritate the sinuses which will worsen the situation. The situation can become chronic so keep an eye on the symptoms in order to prevent this occurrence. Bear in mind that children are more susceptible to it than adults.